Attributes of a True Momin (Believer)
There is a huge difference between a Muslim and a Momin (believer). One who recites shahada becomes a Muslim not Momin (believer). Anyone who recites shahada is usually considered a Momin (believer) which is not true. However, Allah has many times differentiated between them in Quran in surah al-Ahzab:
اِنَّ الۡمُسۡلِمِیۡنَ وَ الۡمُسۡلِمٰتِ وَ الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ وَ الۡمُؤۡمِنٰتِ (33:35)
Meaning: Surely, the submissive men and the submissive women, and the believing men and the believing women. (33:35)
There is a difference between them that is why Allah addressed them separately and Allah does not repeat the same thing. He also says in Quran:
قَالَتِ الۡاَعۡرَابُ اٰمَنَّا ؕ قُلۡ لَّمۡ تُؤۡمِنُوۡا وَ لٰکِنۡ قُوۡلُوۡۤا اَسۡلَمۡنَا وَ لَمَّا یَدۡخُلِ الۡاِیۡمَانُ فِیۡ قُلُوۡبِکُمۡ ؕ (49:14)
Meaning: The Bedouins say: “We have believed.” Say, “You have not believed. Rather say, ‘We have accepted Islam (recited shahada verbally).’ And the belief has not yet gone into your inwards (you have not verified inwardly).” (49:14)
This verse clarifies that Allah has linked belief with one’s heart (inward). However, one can accept Islam with his tongue by reciting shahada which is outward self but faith is related to one’s inward. As Holy Prophet pbuh said, “Momin in one who’s faith adorns his inward.” (Sahih Muslim – Sahih al-Bukhari)
Therefore, a common Muslim is not a Momin (believer) because a Muslim only refines his outward whereas a Momin rectifies his inward. Inward means one’s intentions. As the Holy Prophet pbuh said, “Indeed, deeds depend upon intentions.”
“Intentions of a believer are better than their deeds and impious intentions are worse than their deeds.” (Sirr ul Asrar)
Who is a true Momin?
Some people distance themselves from other people, change their dressing and behavior. Moreover, seclude themselves and perform devotions day and night just to be called Momin. They even self-forbid themselves from their right of happiness. These people consider themselves better and superior than others. However, this is not the way of true Momin (believer). As we all know there is no concept of monasticism in Islam. Companions of Holy Prophet neither went to jungle and mountains to please Allah nor did they change their appearance. They pleased Allah as well as fulfilled their responsibilities and worldly needs like any other person. They never renounced the world. However, if someone tried to do so, the Holy Prophet never gave them permission, as religious display is not allowed in Islam.
The Holy Prophet got married, he dressed like common people and fulfilled all his responsibilities. Therefore, monasticism and changing appearance to become a Momin (believer) is against sharia. We all should follow the footsteps of companions of the Holy prophet to become a Momin because their way is the right way. Allah declared companions of the Holy Prophet Momin when there were no obligatory devotions like prayers and fasting. Then what deed made them Momin (believer)?
Prophet Mohammad said about Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra), “The superiority of Abu Bakr Siddiq is not because of his extensive prayers, recitations or fasting rather it is because of a great thing in his inward (love for the Prophet).”
It proves being pious and having perfect faith is actually ardent love of the Holy Prophet and this is the way of true Momin. Companions of the Holy Prophet were declared Momin because of their ardent love for Holy Prophet.
What is that emotion which gives a Momin so much power and strength that he remains content in every situation? That feeling is love of Allah. Therefore, it is impossible to become Momin until one’s inward is adorned with Divine love. My spiritual guide Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman says:
“Momin is one whose outward and inward are the same and whose inward is immersed in Divine love. When Momin (believer) annihilates in Divine love and submits himself completely to the will of Allah then he becomes one with Allah. He still remains His servant but his essence changes, being in human self he still becomes Divine will.”
Allama Iqbal poetry:
ہر لحظہ ہے مومن کی نئی شان نئی آن
گفتار میں کردار میں اللہ کی برہان
قہاری و غفاری و قدوسی و جبروت
یہ چار عناصر ہوں تو بنتا ہے مسلمان
یہ راز کسی کو نہیں معلوم کہ مومن
قاری نظر آتا ہے حقیقت میں ہے قرآن
Meaning: The Universal Divine Man is the exact manifestation of Allah in all his words and deeds. In every era he appears with a new grandeur and every moment his glory keeps elevating as Allah says, “Every moment, His glory manifests anew.” (55:29)
Unless a seeker crosses the realm of bodies, the angelic realm, the realm of power and the realm of Divinity he cannot be titled as a true Muslim (believer) who is one with the Essence and manifests all the Divine attributes. He is titled the Universal Divine Man because he is the paragon who esoterically witnesses the celestial light of angels, purity of Divine soul and embodies both Divine beauty and majesty.
Such a believer is the embodiment of teachings of Quran though he may appear to be its reciter. As Aisha bint Abi Bakr said, “The morals of the Holy Prophet are exact Quran.” The believer follows every step of the Holy Prophet and moulds his life according to Quran hence becomes the practical of Quranic teachings.
Love of Prophet Mohammad
Allah says in Holy Quran:
“You will never find those who believe in Allah and the Day of Rising making friends with anyone who is hostile to Allah and His Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him), even though they are their fathers (and forefathers), or their sons (and grandsons), or their brothers, or their near relatives.” (58:22)
In aforementioned verse it is said that when faith enters one’s inward then there remains no other love except love of Allah and the Holy Prophet. So whoever is hostile towards Allah and the Holy Prophet, they are also enemies of Momins (believers). Therefore, Abu Ubaidah al-Jarrah killed his father Abdullah ibn al-Jarrah in the Battle of Uhud. Abu Bakr Siddiq invited his son Abdur Rahman for a combat in Battle of Badr. Mus’ab ibn Umair killed his brother Abdul Rehman. Umar ibn Al-Khattab killed his uncle A’ss ibn Hisham Mughirah. Ali ibn abi Talib, Hamzah ibn Abdul Muttalib and Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah killed Utbah ibn Rabiah and Shaybah ibn Rabiah in the Battle of Badr. There is no regard for relatives against love of Quran and the Holy Prophet.
Prophet Mohammad said:
“No one can become Momin (believer) until I become more beloved to him than his family, wealth and all of people.” (Sahih Muslim)
Surrender and Submission to the Divine will
Surrender and submission to the Divine will is a special attribute of a Momin (believer). They are grateful of every blessing and adopt patience during every affliction. They surrender to the will of Allah in every circumstance.
Allah overlooks mistakes of a Momin (believer) because of their patience and gratefulness. There is always goodness in their affairs.
Suhayb al-Rumi relates that Holy Prophet once said, “The case of believers is different from others. Their every matter and situation has good hidden in it for them. However if they suffer any kind of pain and affliction, it is a Divine blessing for them.”
Ali ibn abi Talib once said, “Muslim is the one who believes in Allah and Momin is one who have perfect faith in Allah.”
Having perfect faith in Allah means that no matter what situation Allah puts them in, they know it is best for them and they never complain. Holy Prophet said, “Momin’s heart (inward) is between two fingers of Allah. He turns it as he wills.”
It means that Allah makes them go through different situations like fear, hope, severe hardships, love and sometimes numerous blessings. Therefore, Momin (believer) is one who goes through severe and intense hardships but his faith never changes. As they have perfect faith. Allah says in Holy Quran:
وَ اللّٰہُ غَالِبٌ عَلٰۤی اَمۡرِہٖ (12:21)
Meaning: And Allah is the Master of His work. (12:21)
وہ عطا کرے تو شکر اس کا
وہ نہ دے تو ملال نہیں
میرے ربّ کے فیصلے کمال ہیں
ان فیصلوں میں زوال نہیں
Meaning: I am thankful if He grants me anything and if He does not then there is no grief. My Allah’s decisions are perfect and there is no decline in them.
Momins are satisfied upon their destiny:
Momins (believers) are satisfied with their destiny. They remain content and adopt patience in every circumstance as they know it is a will of Allah. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra) says:
“The grandeur of a true believer is that whatever destiny brings him he accepts it humbly. Following the sharia, he submits to the will of Allah. Afterwards, there remains no innerself. Neither his desires remain nor his nature and not even Satan. My meaning is that they are actually blessed, and it doesn’t mean that they become non-existent.”
Momin (believer) goes through trials every second of his life but they always have patience upon trials, afflictions and hardships.
Offering a prayer
Allah has mentioned many qualities of Momin (believer) in Quran and one of them is offering prayer. Allah says:
قَدۡ اَفۡلَحَ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ الَّذِیۡنَ۔ ہُمۡ فِیۡ صَلَاتِہِمۡ خٰشِعُوۡنَ ۔ (سورۃ المومنون 1-2)
Meaning: Certainly, the believers have attained their goal. Those who become most humble and submissive in their Prayers. (23:1-2)
Prayer is a gift for Momin (believer), which they received on the night of Miraj. Holy Prophet said:
“Prayer is Miraj for a Momin (believer).”
Miraj means vision and nearness of Allah. Prayer is Miraj for Momin because he attains Divine closeness as a reward of his patience and perseverance. Due to his Divine love, he gains spiritual insight as a result he can see Allah, talk to Allah and listens to Him.
Holy Prophet (pbuh) said, “Worship Allah as if you see Him”. (Sahih al-Bukhari)
Allah purifies and brightens the inward of a Momin so much with His Noor that he comes and stays there. Allah says in Qudsi Hadith:
Holy Prophet (pbuh) said, “Allah resides in Momin’s inward”. (Musnad Ahmed)
Sultan Bahoo says about such Momin (believer):
“The food of Momins is Noor, their inward is like a stove. Their heart is the heavenly Kaaba, their sleep is presence before Allah and their end is forgiven. For them, the ascetics are the labourers who struggle to get place in paradise.” (Ain-ul-Faqr)
Can we call a prayer Miraj, which has no Divine vision? NO, absolutely not. Only Momin (believer) can offer a prayer of Miraj because their inward is full of Divine love.
A poet said in his poetry:
سجدۂ عشق ہو تو عبادت میں مزہ آتا ہے
خالی سجدوں میں تو دنیا ہی بسا کرتی ہے
لو گ کہتے ہیں کہ بس فرض ادا کرنا ہے
ایسا لگتا ہے کوئی قرض لیا ہو ربّ سے
تیرے سجدے کہیں تجھے کافر نہ کر دیں
تو جھکتا کہیں اور ہے اور سوچتا کہیں اور ہے
Meaning: Prostration of love gives joy to prayers. Worldly desires dwell in empty prostrates. People say they want to offer obligatory prayer, seems like we have taken a loan from Allah. Your prostrations may make you an infidel. You bow your head before Allah but your thoughts are somewhere else.
Attitude of a Momin toward others
Momin’s (believer) attitude is strict towards infidels and polite towards other Momins. Allah says in Holy Quran:
اَشِدَّآءُ عَلَی الۡکُفَّارِ رُحَمَآءُ بَیۡنَہُمۡ (48:29)
Meaning: “And those with him are hard and tough against the disbelievers but kind-hearted and merciful amongst themselves.”(48:29)
The explanation of above mentioned verse is that believers are considered among those who have attained the love and company of Holy Prophet (pbuh). They benefit from his company and rectify their inward as well as outward. They have this character of steel when they are in battle field against infidels. However, when they are among their companions they are soft and kind towards them. Holy Prophet said:
“Momin is kind like a camel with nose halter. They will stop if they are stopped and if they are made to sit on rocks then they will do so.” (Musnad Ahmed)
Allama Iqbal says in his poetry:
ہو حلقہِ یاراں تو بریشم کی طرح نرم
رزمِ حق و باطل ہو تو فولاد ہے مومن
Meaning: Momins are polite and soft like silk among their companions. However they become strong as steel during battles between right and wrong.
Believer is always in holy war (jihad) against his innerself (nafs). He divides the hours of day and night in three parts. First, he engrosses in prayers and remembrance of Allah. Second, he self-evaluates, thirdly he fulfills rights of human beings in halal and lawful way. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani said:
“It is must for every believer to comply with three things. First is to obey the orders of Allah. Second is to refrain from the things that are disliked. And third is to remain content on whatever is destined for them by the will of Allah. A believer should not relinquish any of the three things, which are mentioned above. They should completely focus on these matters and tell their innerself the same. In every situation they should engage themselves to accomplish these matters.” (Futuh Al-Ghaib)
Renunciation of the world
Momins renounce the world. As it was mentioned before renunciation of the world does not mean monasticism instead it means to completely end the love and pleasures of the world from inward. Momins are weary of this world as the Holy Prophet said:
“World is a prison for Momin.”
How a prisoner can be happy in a prison? They are always sorrowful, only union with Allah can make them happy. World can never attract them. Therefore, Momin (believer) is one who understands the purpose of life that why he was sent to this world. Many people forget that what their purpose of life was and run after the world. However, Momin neither runs after this world nor aspires for fame, wealth and high rank. Divine love and wish to please Allah makes him feel content. When believer achieve this status then the whole world becomes in need of him. Hypocrite runs after the world whereas world runs after a true believer.
Death is like a freedom for Momin
کون کہتا ہے مومن مر گیا
قید سے چھوٹا وہ اپنے گھر گیا
Meaning: World is like a prison for a believer whereas death is like freedom when he returns to Allah successful.
Grave of a Momin is a garden among all the gardens of paradise. The Holy Prophet said, “Momin’s grave is brightened with Noor and his grave is 70 yards extended in length and width. Angels tell him to sleep like a bride of first night.” Allah says in Quran:
“O contented (pleased) self! Return to your Lord in such a state that you are both the aspirant to, and the aspired of, His pleasure (i.e., you seek His pleasure and He seeks yours). So join My (perfect) servants. And enter My Paradise (of nearness and sight). ” (89: 27-30)
How to become a true Momin?
Purgation of innerself is must to become a believer, which is not possible without perfect spiritual guide. In present era Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman purifies the innerself of seekers of Allah and makes them true Momin. It is an open invitation for everyone to come and pledge allegiance to Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen and enlighten their inwards.