Supremacy of Shahadah- The Outcome of Holy Prophet’s Struggle

لَآ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللّٰہُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ اللّٰہ

Meaning: There is no god but Allah; Mohammad is the Messenger of Allah.

The sacred life of the seal of Prophets, the leader of this world and the hereafter, the chosen, the reason of creation of this universe, Prophet Mohammad is a series of continuous struggle for the propagation of Islam. The reason behind his struggle is supremacy of shahadah which is the most important and fundamental part of Islam.

The initial part of shahadah is the declaration of Oneness of Allah and negation of all forms of polytheism and idolatry. On the other hand, second half of shahada puts seal on the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet. The Holy Prophet tolerated persecution, hardships, severance of relations, slander and opposition of the disbelievers to propagate Islamic creed.

Ummahat ul Momineen – Mothers of the Believers

For the promulgation of truth, he along with his handful of sacred Companions collided with the false forces. In all these situations, the role of the Ummahat ul Momineen is unforgettable. The Holy Prophet’s sacred wives are called Ummahat ul Momineen.

On one hand, the Master of both the worlds was busy in purification of the Companions with his excellent conduct, merit and virtues. On the other hand, the sacrifices of Ummahat ul Momineen for Islam showed their love for Islam. Moreover, their practical role is the torch of light for the entire world especially for women. There was always prudence behind all the marriages of Prophet Mohammad; we can understand it easily if we observe the sacred lives of Ummahat ul Momineen. It is not an easy task for sinners like us to describe the sacred role of the Ummahat ul Momineen. However, I have made a humble effort.

 

Ummul Momineen, Sayyida tul Nisa (the Master of all the Ladies of the World) Khadijah bint Khuwaylid

Whenever we talk about Ummahat ul Momineen, the first name that comes to our mind is of Sayyida tul Nisa (the Master of all the ladies of the world) Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. She was born in 555 A.D., fifteen years before Aam al-Fil (the year of Elephant) in tribe Bani Asad. Nobility, dignity, honesty, faithfulness, uprightness, keeping up promises, responsibility, generosity, etiquettes and courtesy are distinct characteristics of her personality. Because of her noble traits, she was famous with the title of “Tahira” (the pious one) even in pre-Islamic era.

The First Muslim Women

She is the first person in the Islamic history who acknowledged the Prophethood without any altercation. Hence, she surpasses all believers (men and women).

A Source of Courage & Strength

Her absolute faith in the Prophethood was a source of courage and consolation for the Holy Prophet. Her sacred company was the strongest support and a source of satisfaction for him. Along with Allah’s support she was the only source of contentment at times when the whole tribe and relatives became his worst enemies. For preaching of Islam, Khadijah bint Khuwaylid not only devoted all her wealth in the path of Allah, but also supported the Holy Prophet in distress always with her wit, intelligence and wisdom.

Unforgettable Role At The Time Of First Revelation

The Holy Prophet often used to visit the cave of Hira for the purpose of recluse and meditation. When he saw Gabriel, he became emotional with his conversation. He came home and asked Khadijah bint Khuwaylid to give me something to cover. When his condition settled down, he narrated the whole incident to Khadijah bint Khuwaylid. On this occasion, her golden words encouraged the Holy Prophet.

She said:

  • You speak the truth, help the poor, are hospitable, kind to kith and kin; Allah will not leave you alone.

Sayyida Khadijah’s intelligible statement not only showed her love for Islam but it also reflected the character of a loyal and sincere life partner.

Waraka ibn Nawfal

Not only this, she took the Holy Prophet to Waraka ibn Nawfal and told him about the incident. On hearing this, Waraka ibn Nawfal, the great scholar of the Torah and the Gospels, said:

  • This is the honorable angel who descended on Moses. I wish I would be alive by the time when your nation will force you to leave from your country.

On hearing this, Khadijah bint Khuwaylid assured that Prophet Mohammad is exalted at the status of Prophethood. That was why, when Prophet Mohammad proclaimed his Prophethood, she at once embraced Islam. Consequently, she got the honour of becoming the first person who accepted Islam and proclaimed affirmation of Prophethood.

Her Unmatched Bound With the Holy Prophet

From the first revelation in the cave of Hira till the abduction of Abi Talib, in all the most difficult circumstances, Sayyida Khadijah supported the Holy Prophet with great courage. The Holy Prophet also showed great affection for Sayyida Khadijah. As long as she was alive, the Holy Prophet did not marry anyone else. She left this mortal world on 11th Ramadhan 10 A.H. and buried in Jannat al-Mu’alla. At the time of her death, she was 65 years of age.

Affection of The Holy Prophet

Even after her death, the Holy Prophet talked about her with great affection. Aisha bint Abi Bakr says that once the Holy Prophet was praising Khadijah bint Khuwaylid as usual, I felt emulous. I said:

  • O Messenger of Allah, she was an old widow. Allah has given you better wives after her.

Upon hearing this, the Holy Prophet’s face turned red with anger and he said:

  • By God, I did not find a better wife than Khadijah. She embraced Islam when all were infidel, affirmed me when everyone denied me. Moreover, she sacrificed her wealth for me when others deprived me. Allah has given me children from her womb.

Sayyida Aisha says that I was scared and vowed at that time that I would never say anything about Khadijah bint Khuwaylid in front of Holy Prophet.

Childern

Allah has given her six children. The first was Qasim who died in tender age. Then Sayyida Zaynab and after her Abdullah was born, who also died at an early age. The fourth was Sayyida Ruqayya, then Sayyida Umm Kulthum and after her Sayyida Fatimah al-Zahra was born.

 

Ummul Momineen Sawda bint Zam’a

Ummul Momineen Sawda was from the Amir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh tribe in Makkah. When the light of Islam started to illuminate the world, she along with her husband, As-Sakran ibn Amr accepted Islam at that time. Hence, they were the first among their tribe who embraced Islam. She was a virtuous lady. Shortly after embracing Islam, she started preaching Islam in her tribe. Resultantly, a large number of people of her clan entered into Islam. She had one son, Abdur Rahman ibn Sakran, who was killed in the Battle of Jalula in 637 AD.

Sacred Marriage With The Holy Prophet

After the death of Sakran ibn Amr, she by the command of Allah got her second marriage with the Holy Prophet. This was the time when idolaters of Makkah left no trick to harm and hurt Prophet Mohammad and his sacred Companions. During such hard times, Ummul Momineen Sawda bint Zam’a very wisely encouraged the Holy Prophet.

Her Role As Mother & Wife

Moreover, she took keen interest in the upbringing of Umme Kulthum and Fatimah al-Zahra. These princesses spent five years under the kind supervision of Sayyida Sawda, ​​but we could not found a single tradition indicating their mutual gratitude or even slight rift. Her association with the Holy Prophet and loyal services for him are peerless. In this respect, none of the Ummahat ul Momineen other than Khadijah bint Khuwaylid would claim to be equivalent to her. She was very kind and generous. She never hoarded wealth; instead she gave the things of personal use to the needy.

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani’s Tribute

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani wrote in ‘al-Isaba fi tamyiz al-Shaba’:

  • Sawda bint Zam’a was an artisan. She generously spent most of her income in the way of Allah. She was exalted at such highest level of courtesy that she gave her turn to Aisha bint Abi Bakr for will of Holy Prophet.

For this reason Ummul Momineen Aisha bint Abi Bakr said:

  • Except Sawda bint Zam’a, my heart never inclined to see a woman that my soul would be in her body.

Death

She had narrated five traditions from Holy Prophet. She died in 22 A.H. and had no child from the Holy Prophet.

 

Ummul Momineen Aisha bint Abi Bakr

Aisha bint Abi Bakr is the most scholarly person and the dearest wife of the Holy Prophet. It is narrated in Musnad Abu Dawood that the Holy Prophet said:

  • O Allah! Although I treat all my wives equally, but I could not hold my heart to love Aisha more. O Majesty Forgive her.

The Divine Orders Of Marriage

Allah gave the Holy Prophet the good news of marriage in dream. He dreamt that someone was showing him something wrapped in silk and said: ‘It is yours.’ When he opened it, inside was Aisha bint Abi Bakr. Hence, by the command of Allah, the Holy Prophet sent marriage proposal for Aisha to Abu Bakr Siddique. Abu Bakr Siddique gladly accepted this proposal. Three months before the migration to Madina, the marriage took place in the month of Shawal, while the formal departure of sacred bride took place in the first Hijri.

Love and Affection For The Holy Prophet

She was the beloved wife of the Holy Prophet; likewise, she also had a great love for him. Once the Holy Prophet got up at night and went somewhere. When Aisha bint Abi Bakr got up, she became upset when she did not find the Holy Prophet there. She abruptly got and started searching for him here and there. Finally, at one place she saw the sacred feet of the Holy Prophet. She saw that he was engaged in Divine remembrance. So, she got satisfied.

Morals & Manners

She was very intelligent since childhood and her habits and manners reflect the greatness of the future. She was wise and sagacious. Ahmad ibn Hanbal writes that in the battle of Trench, Aisha bint Abi Bakr used to go out of the fort to observe the battlefield. She asked permission from the Holy Prophet to attend other battles but he did not allow her. She spent nine years in the company of the Holy Prophet. In this short period, she not only served the Messenger of Allah with great care and affection, but also collected the treasures of Quran, Hadith and jurisprudence. She is the narrator of 2110 Hadiths. According to historians, Aisha bint Abu Bakr has narrated one-fourth of Laws of Sharia. With this, the Muslim umma will continue to benefit till the day of judgement.

Tribute of Urwah ibn Zubayr

Urwah ibn Zubayr said:

  • I have never seen anyone more proficient than Aisha bint Abi Bakr in Quran, Hadith, jurisprudence, history and genealogy.

Tribute of Ahnaf ibn Qais and Musa ibn Talha

Ahnaf ibn Qais and Musa ibn Talha said:

  • I have not seen anyone more eloquent than Aisha bint Abi Bakr.

In short, the sacred companions of great dignity used to consult her for solutions to their problems in the light of the Quran and Hadith.

The Last Days of The Holy Prophet

The Holy Prophet remained ill for thirteen days before his sacred death. During those days, he stayed for five days with other Ummahat ul Momineen, and stayed eight days in the apartment of Ummul Momineen Aisha. Her sacred room was destined to become the eternal resting place of the Holy Prophet.

Death

She passed away on the 17th of Ramadhan, 58 A.H. after witr prayers. Abu Hurairah performed her funeral prayer. She is buried in Jannat al-Baqi according to her will. Sayyida Aisha had no children. On the command of the Holy Prophet, she adopted patronymic Umme Abdullah in the name of her nephew, Abdullah ibn Zubayr.

 

Ummul Momineen Hafsa bint Umar

Ummul Momineen Hafsa was the daughter of Umar ibn al-Khattab. When her father embraced Islam, she immediately embraced Islam too. She got her first marriage with Khunais ibn Hudhaifa, who got martyred in 3 A.H. in the battle of Uhud, fighting bravely and showing the essence of his fidelity. After her waiting period, she got married with the Holy Prophet.

Morals and Attributes

She was a pious, kind-hearted, and God-fearing woman. He spent most of her time in worship and often used to fast.

Ibn Abd al-Barr has narrated a Hadith in al-Istiab:

  • Once Gabriel praised Hafsa bint Umar in front of the Holy Prophet in these words: “She is a worshiper and observes fast. She would be your wife in paradise too.”

Her Eagerness For Learning

She listened carefully to the sayings and commands of the Holy Prophet and kept them in her mind. On seeing her passions, the Holy Prophet appointed a female companion, Al-Shifa’ bint Abdullah, to teach her how to read and write. When she learnt reading and writing, she herself wrote down the verses and preserved them. In jurisprudence and Hadith she held an exalted status. Moreover, she is the narrator of sixty Hadiths. The Holy Prophet had collected all written manuscripts of the Holy Quran and handed it over to her.

Role In The Collection And Compilation Of The Holy Quran

When the collection and compilation of the Holy Quran started in the reign of Abu Bakr Siddique, the manuscript of Ummul Momineen Hafsa bint Umar proved to be the most useful. Later in the reign of Uthman, with the help of same manuscript, several copies of the Holy Quran were prepared and sent to all states. Thus, she played an important role in the protection and promotion of the Holy Quran.

Death

According to one tradition, she died in 41 A.H. and according to another tradition in 45 A.H.

 

Ummul Momineen Zaynab bint Khuzayma

Ummul Momineen Zaynab bint Khuzayma was born in Makkah, thirteen years before the proclamation of Prophethood of Prophet Mohammad. She was among those Muslims who embraced Islam in early days. According to historians, her first marriage was with Ubaydah ibn Harith ibn Muttalib ibn Abdmanaf ibn Qusayy, who was one of the most loyal companions of the Holy Prophet.

Umm al-Masakin- Mother of the Poor

Overflowing with the passion of God-fearing and piety, she was always ready to help the poor and the needy. Because of these attributes, she was also known as Umm al-Masakin, Mother of the Poor.

An Account Of Her Sacrifices And Trials

She and her husband were among those who migrated from Makkah to Madina on the Divine order. In 2 A.H., her husband got martyred as a result of wounds received in the Battle of Badr, the first battle between Muslims and Infidels. After completing her waiting period, her second marriage took place with Abdullah, first cousin of the Holy Prophet. Abdullah, the seeker of the truth also exalted at the highest status of martyrdom in the Battle of Uhud.

Marriage With The Holy Prophet

Her perseverance on the path of truth, despite these sacrifices and all the trials, got acceptance in the Divine court. The Holy Prophet sent her marriage proposal to protect this glorious servant of Islam from future disappointments. At the time of marriage, she was thirty years of age. Her period of stay with the Holy Prophet was very short. She left this carrion world after two or three months of her marriage. The Holy Prophet himself offered her funeral prayer and prayed for her forgiveness. She is buried in Jannat al-Baqi.

 

Ummul Momineen Salama Hind bint Abi Umayya

Ummul Momineen Umm Salama bint Abi Umayya ibn Al-Mughira was born in the Quraysh tribe, thirty one years before the proclamation of Prophethood by Prophet Mohammad. Her father’s name was Abu Umayya ibn Al-Mughira who was very rich. Her first marriage was with Abu Salama Abd Allah ibn Abd al-Asad al-Makhzumi, the foster brother of the Holy Prophet. Abu Salama was foster brother in the sense that, Thuwayba (the freed slave of Abu Lahab) was the wet-nurse of both.

Steadfastness After Embracing Islam

When the preaching of Islam started, this honourable couple secretly embraced Islam. When the news of their acceptance of Islam became widely known, their tribe started treating them cruelly. They endured these oppressions with patience. When the situation became worse in Makkah, obeying the orders of the Holy Prophet, they migrated to Abyssinia. The circumstances there were much better, but the separation from beloved spiritual guide and mentor became a reason of discomfort to them. Therefore, soon as they received the good news that situation is much better in Makkah, they immediately returned back to the Holy Prophet. But the atrocities of the Arab pagan were same and situations were even worse for those who returned after migration. Therefore, by obeying the orders of the Holy Prophet they migrated to Abyssinia again.

Preserving Most Important Part Of History

Umm Salama is the only person who narrated the traditions of the historical speech of Jafar at-Tayyar in the court Nagas. Undoubtedly, Umm Salama has saved the most important event of the history for the generations to come.

Hardships During Migration

The severe circumstances faced by Umm Salama during the migration to Madina, could only be borne by such brave and courageous lady. During the migration, she was forcibly separated from her son and husband. Umm Salma was naturally grieved at the separation from her son and husband. Moreover, she was wretched because she could not migrate to Madina. She went out of the house every morning and used to sit on a mound all day. At last her tribe’s men took pity on her condition, handed over her child to her and allowed to go to Madina.

Marriage With The Holy Prophet

Abu Salama died from a wound he sustained during the Battle of Uhud that reopened after he had led the Expedition of Qatan. They had four children: Salama, Umar, Zaynab and Durra. After the martyrdom of Abu Salama, the Holy Prophet married her with the mediation of Umar ibn al-Khattab.

Distinct Traits

She was incomparable in beauty of character and intelligence as well as her intellect. Imam al-Haramayn states:

  • I do not know any woman except Umm Salama whose opinion has always been correct.

She had equal expertise in jurisprudence and Hadith. Umm Salamah narrated 378 Hadiths, second after Aisha bint Abu Bakr.

Devotion To The Holy Prophet

Ummul Momineen Salama had great devotion to the Holy Prophet. She kept some of the sacred hair of the Holy Prophet for the sake of benediction in a silver box. It is written in Sahih al-Bukhari that when any of the sacred companions of the Holy Prophet fell ill, he would take a cup of water and present it to Umm Salama. She used to put that sacred hair into the water. By the blessings of those hair whoever drank that water, got relief. To save the sacred hair of Prophet Mohammad showed her deep love and devotion to the Holy Prophet.

Long Life

Umm Salama lived longer than all the Ummahat ul Momineen. When the tragic incident of Karbala took place, she was alive. That is why when Gabriel gave the Holy Prophet the soil of Karbala; the Holy Prophet embraced the soil, shed tears and said:

  • Umm Salama (the day) when this soil would turn into blood, apprehend that my son has been martyred.

Death

She died in 61 A.H. or 63 A.H. and buried in Jannat al-Baqi.

 

Ummul Momineen Zaynab bint Jahsh

Ummul Momineen Zaynab bint Jahsh’s marriage with the Holy Prophet has two most important significances in the history. Firstly, her marriage has been solemnised by Allah Almighty. Secondly, two evils of Arab society wiped out with the blessing of this marriage. Zayd ibn Harith was the freed slave of Ummul Momineen Khadijah bint khuwaylid and adopted son of the Holy Prophet. Her first marriage was done with Zayd ibn Harith. But due to their differences in nature, the marriage ended within two years. After the expiry of awaiting period, to break the ritual of ignorance, there received the Divine decree of this marriage.

The Words Of Holy Quran

Allah says:

فَلَمَّا قَضٰی زَیۡدٌ مِّنۡہَا وَطَرًا زَوَّجۡنٰکَہَا  لِکَیۡ لَا یَکُوۡنَ عَلَی  الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ حَرَجٌ  فِیۡۤ  اَزۡوَاجِ اَدۡعِیَآئِہِمۡ  اِذَا  قَضَوۡا  مِنۡہُنَّ  وَطَرًا ؕ وَ کَانَ   اَمۡرُ  اللّٰہِ  مَفۡعُوۡلًا ﴿۳۷﴾

Meaning: So when (your adopted son) Zayd fulfilled his desire to divorce her, We married her to you so that there is no blame on the believers for (marrying) the wives of their adopted sons, whilst they have no desire for them (after divorce). And carrying out Allah’s command was a must. (Al-Ahzab: 37)

When Ummul Momineen Zaynab received this news, she was overwhelmed with feelings of gratitude. So after this revelation, the Holy Prophet came to her house and entered the house without permission. It was a declaration that Zaynab bint Jahsh has been married to Prophet Mohammad.

Morals And Attributes

She was a virtuous, pious and an honest lady. Ummul Momineen Aisha acknowledged her virtues in following words:

  • I have never seen a woman more proficient than Zaynab bint Jahsh in the matter of religion.

She was an expert craftswoman of leather. She spent all her income in the way of Allah to please Him.

Death

She left this mortal world in 20 AH or 21 AH. At the time of her death, she was 53 years of age. She has narrated 11 Hadiths.

 

Ummul Momineen Juwayriya bint al-Harith

The sacred self of the Holy Prophet is a Divine mercy and favour for everyone. Anyone who once met him became captive of his Divine beauty and compassion. The marriage of Ummul Momineen Juwayriya bint al-Harith and the Holy Prophet was also a unique event of its nature.

Imprisonment

Her real name was ‘Barrah’ and she was the daughter of al-Harith ibn Abi Dirar, the chief of Banu Mustaliq. When on the provocation of Quraysh, her tribe prepared to attack the Muslims. The Holy Prophet sent a troop under the leadership of Abu Bakr Siddique to contest against this tribe. Resultantly, Banu Mustaliq was defeated and about six hundred and sixty people were taken to prison. Those prisoners included Juwayriya bint al-Harith.

Freedom Contract With The Holy Prophet

At that time she was twenty years of age. In the division of bounty, she fell into the share of Thabit  ibn Qays al-Ansari. She was bereaved of him. She then agreed with Thabit ibn Qays to buy her freedom with nine Ooqiyah. Since she had no wealth, she requested the Holy Prophet to help her. The Holy Prophet said:

  • Do you want what is better than that?

She asked: What is it?

The Holy Prophet replied, ‘I will pay on your behalf and then marry you.’

She said, ‘Yes, O Messenger of Allah.’

Then Prophet Mohammad paid ransom and she got freedom.

Banu Mustaliq’s Entering into Islam

When her father received the news that his dearest daughter is alive, he came to the service of Allah’s Messenger with much money and demanded his daughter’s return. The Holy Prophet left the decision with Ummul Momineen Juwayriya bint al-Harith, she decided to remain in the slavery of the Holy Prophet. Consequently her father and all the men of her tribe also embraced Islam. Resultantly, Banu Mustaliq never attacked the Muslims again. Ummul Momineen Aisha bint Abi Bakar states:

  • There is no marriage in the world that is more blessed than the marriage of Juwayriya bint al-Harith, because of this marriage, all the people of Banu Mustaliq got rid of slavery.

Death

She was very enduring and worshiper. She died at the age of sixty-five in the 50 A.H. and buried with the other Ummahat ul Momineen in Jannat al-Baqi.

 

Ummul Momineen Umm Habiba

Ummul Momineen Umm Habiba’s real name was Ramla bint Abi Sufyan. The first Ummayad caliph, Muawiyah I, was Ramla’s half-brother, and Uthman ibn Affan was her maternal first cousin and paternal second cousin. Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh was her first husband, who after first migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), involved in alcoholism and wickedness. Umm Hbiba, in misery, tried to advise him but he paid no heed to it. She spent ten years of exile in extreme misery. After ten years her first husband died of alcoholism.

Marriage With The Holy Prophet

When the Holy Prophet came to know the sufferings of Umm Habiba, his loyal companion, he became very sad. After the termination of her waiting period, the Holy Prophet sent marriage proposal through the king of Abyssinia, which she gladly accepted. Thus, she graced the sacred house of the Holy Prophet, at the age of thirty-seven.

Devotion To The Holy Prophet

She had pure morals and generous nature. She had highest level of devotion and love with the Holy Prophet. We can guage her devotion from this incident:

  • Once her father Abu Sufyan, who had not embraced Islam yet, came to Madina for reconciliation on the Treaty of Hudaybiyya. He went to her house to meet her and sat on the bed. She did not care about his father and immediately folded his mattress, saying, ‘It is the Holy Prophet’s mattress and you are an unclean polytheist. I do not want you to sit on the Holy Prophet’s mattress.’

Death

She died in Madina in 44 AH at the age of 72 years. She has narrated sixty-five Hadiths.

 

Ummul Momineen Safiyyah bint Huyayy

The real name of Ummul Momineen Safiyyah bint Huyayy was Zaynab. At the time of marriage, the Holy Prophet named her Safiyah. She belonged to Banu Nadir, a Jewish tribe. Her father Huyayy ibn Akhtab was the chief of this tribe. This family was one of the descendants of Prophet Moses’ brother Prophet Aaron. Her ex-husband, Kenana ibn al-Rabi, was the treasurer of Banu Nadir, who was killed in the Battle of Khaybar. Ummul Momineen Safiyyah bint Huyayy was among the Jews who had been taken captive of war in Khaybar. On the division of booty, Dihyah al-Kalbi asked permission of the Holy Prophet for Safiyyah bint Huyayy, this was granted to him.

Marriage With The Holy Prophet

Among the captives, Safiyyah bint Huyayy was of high dignity. That is why, on the advice of some sacred companions, the Holy Prophet married her. Dihyah al-Kalbi was given a second slave girl whom he gladly accepted. Prophet Mohammad stayed for three days between Khaybar and Madina, where he consummated his marriage to Safiyyah bint Huyayy. At the same place, there was also a wedding feast on the next day. After this blessed marriage, the Jews never engaged in any war against the Muslims.

Death

She died in Ramadan 50 AH at the age of sixty years and buried in Jannat al-Baqi. She has narrated 10 Hadiths.

 

Ummul Momineen Maymunah bint al-Harith al-Hilaliyah

In 6 AH Muslims travelled to Makkah with the pure intension of performing Umrah. But the Arab Pagans did not allow them to perform this religious obligation. Resultantly, the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah took place. According to which Muslims agreed to perform Umrah on the following year, 7 AH and they will stay there for three days.

Allah’s Orders Are Full Of Wisdom

None of the Allah’s order is without wisdom. When the Muslims came to Makkah for Umrah in the 7th Hijri, their glory had been raised by Allah Almighty. During those three days Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, the paternal uncle of the Holy Prophet, requested in the sacred court of Prophet Mohammad to marry Maymunah bint al-Harith. This request got approval.

Maymunah bint al-Harith had embraced Islam at that time. After Umrah tul Qada, their marrige took place. This marriage gave a message of good relationship and harmony among the Muslims and the Makkan. After this blessed marriage, a number of positive changes were observed in the attitude of the people of Makkah. After this marriage, the Holy Prophet did not marry to anyone because all the marriages he performed were for his holy cause which had been fulfilled. The light of Tawhid had been illuminated everywhere.

Devotion For The Holy Prophet

Ummul Momineen Maymunah learned the rules of Sharia from the Holy Prophet and rest of the life guided the people about the basic principles of Sharia. She had immense devotion and love for the Holy Prophet. It is narrated that she had a mirror which was in the use of the Holy Prophet. After the sacred death of the Holy Prophet, when any of the companions lost in the grief of the Holy Prophet, he used to come to Ummul Momineen Maymunah and asked for the mirror. Miraculously, when the lovers of the Holy Prophet used to look into the mirror they used to see the sacred countenance of their beloved. Hence their hearts felt relief.

Death

She died at the age of eighty years in 51 AH. She is the narrator of fourty-six Hadiths.

Conclusion

After reading the biographies of Ummahat ul Momineen, a wise person could easily understand that the purpose behind every marriage of the Holy Prophet was to promote religion. All the sacred Ummaht ul Momineen fully supported the Holy Prophet in this noble cause. May Allah bless us with absolute faith by following the footsteps of the Holy Prophet and the greatest ladies of Islam, Ummahat ul Momineen. Amen

Note

اشاعتِ اسلام میں امہات المومنین کا کردار (Ishaat-e-Islam Mein Ummahat-ul-Momineen Ka Kirdar) is an Urdu article of the magazine “Mahnama Sultan-ul-Faqr Lahore” for the month of November, 2019. Originally penned by Anila Yasin Sarwari Qadri is presented in English by Faiza Gulzar Sarwari Qadri exclusively for the website. Do not forget to visit the original article to which you only have to click the link:

https://www.mahnama-sultan-ul-faqr-lahore.com/november-2019-ishaat-e-islam-mein-ummahat-ul-momineen-ka-kirdar/